The 10 commandments are not a random list of laws. They are divine revelation through which the LORD (Yahweh) established a covenant relationship with the descendants of Abraham, whom he had recently delivered from slavery in Egypt. Unlike contemporary laws, God’s purpose for the 10 commandments was far more than moral goodness and social cohesion. Obedience to God’s commandments would allow the Israelites to demonstrate God’s character to the nations and demonstrate his superiority over their false gods. As a kingdom of priests, Israel was supposed to extend God’s covenant blessings to all the families of the earth (Gen 12:1-3).